Kanna Sceletium tortuosum has been used in traditional South African medicine for centuries to help boost mood and reduce stress, anxiety and tension. I discussed its use for treating depression with Tieraona Low Dog, M. She told me that kanna contains an alkaloid called mesembrine that may act as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor many commonly prescribed antidepressant medications inhibit the reuptake of serotonin.
However, Dr. Low Dog notes that there has not been much research on kanna, and its safety has not been well-established. She says that if she were treating mild depression, she probably would opt for better-studied natural remedies, such as St.
I agree with Dr. Log Dog. Standardized extracts have shown an effectiveness equaling that of Prozac for treatment of mild to moderate depression. The recommended dose is mg of an extract standardized to 0. It takes about eight weeks for the full effects to be felt.
Kanna benefits and side effects
Use only the butanedisulfonate form in enteric-coated tablets, or in capsules. Trymg a day on an empty stomach. Rhodiola is less well-known for treatment of depression, but a study published in in the Nordic Journal of Psychiatry showed that patients with mild-to-moderate depression who took a rhodiola extract reported fewer symptoms than those who took a placebo.
You also might consider fish oil supplements. Research suggests that the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil may help improve and maintain emotional wellness.Bastiaan use Kratom and goes up and down (Mitragyna) - Drugslab
I recommend 2, to 4, mg a day of a product providing both EPA and DHA, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Overall, however, the best treatment I know for depression is at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise daily or at least five days a week.
Stay Connected With Dr. Anti-Inflammatory Diet Follow Dr. Trending Now.Kanna Sceletium Tortousum is a legal plant. It is a natural antidepressant which can be smoked, chewed, snorted, and drank. The good effects of the drug have increased its demand in the market. It is a mood enhancer and it decreases the effects of depression and anxiety. Kanna is also considered as SSRI by some people, but still it is not scientifically proved and atypical depression effects.
But the Kanna side effects are not seen and the plant has proved to be the best mood booster. By searching through the internet or via different books, you can find more kanna information.
The good thing about the drug is that Kanna side effects are not observed. Therefore a drug that cures depression without side effects is a blessing in disguise. Kanna ecstasy can be enjoyed through smoking can young adults outgrow atypical depression. The smoking effect is instantaneous. The cigarette or cigars are emptied and dried Kanna material is filled in them. If you are trying the Kanna orally, then it should be taken empty stomach. You should take the kanna dose between 50 mg to mg.
The Kanna ecstasy starts in about 30 to 90 minutes. It could vary. It gives good feeling and happiness. Kanna information should be read before using the drug. This will clarify the myths and facts about the drug. Basically it is a natural antidepressant which is also used by others for fun and relaxation. The strongest method of taking Kanna is through snorting the drug. The experience is quick and short. Although it is a painful method of using the drug, no kanna side effects are seen as such.
The insufflations of the drug can cause burning sensation in the nose. If you are snorting the drug, then you must take around 20 mg to mg of the dose. If still there is not effect of the drug, then the kanna mixture can be weak. The sublingual intake of Kanna is also very common.
You put the pill under the tongue and let it melt slowly. The powdered form of Kanna can also be used.Scientific Name s : Sceletium tortuosum L. Common Name s : Channa, Kanna, Kougoed. Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Aug 22, However, clinical trials supporting these uses are lacking. Published clinical evidence is lacking to provide safe and effective dosing recommendations. GerickeHarvey It has white to pale yellow or pale pink sessile flowers, usually 20 to 30 mm in diameter and with 4 to 5 sepals.
The plant's recurved leaves have distinctive idioblasts, or water cells, and the stems become woody with age. GerbauletGerickeSmith Dutch explorers first documented the use of S. Its name is derived from the Latin word "sceletus" meaning skeleton because the prominent veins on the dried leaves give the plant a skeletal appearance.
Gericke The common names kanna and kougoed are derived from the Khoi and Afrikaans words, respectively, for "chewed," which refers to the traditional method of S. Kanna should not be confused with the ganna plant Salsola dealata Botsch. Smith It is traditionally prepared by crushing the plant material, placing it in a bag to ferment, then drying it in the sun. Smith The dried plant material can be chewed, smoked, or made into powder and used as snuff.
MitchellNielsen The plant material has also been prepared as a tincture or tea, or eaten raw. Smith S. Mitchell Several tribes in Africa have traditionally used S. A small amount of S.Kanna sceletium tortuosum is an herb that has traditionally been taken for its calming effect.
Growing studies show its ability to help relieve anxiety in stressful situations. Kanna is native to South Africa and has customarily been chewed for its mood-enhancing properties and for coping. While more evidence is needed before recommending kanna, its main role of reducing anxiety caused by stressful situations appears to be promising. Kanna contains several alkaloids, with mesembrine and mesembrenone believed to be the major ones identified. These alkaloids have psychoactive properties, but are not known to be hallucinogenic or habit forming 1.
The alkaline mesembrine acts as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor that prevents the absorption of this hormone, which leads to an increase in serotonin levels in the brain. Low levels of serotonin are linked to depression.
Mesembrenone acts as both a serotonin reuptake inhibitor and a phosphodiesterase 4 PDE4 inhibitor, which is associated with improved cognition, anti-inflammatory effects and neuroprotective properties. Kanna helps reduce anxiety. Fifty percent of rats were exposed to repeated restraint stress lasting one hour for the last three days of treatment.
Rat behavioral changes in response to stress were assessed using the elevated plus maze on the last day of restraint, immediately after the restraint session.
It was noted that supplementation reduced anxiety and attenuated the increase in corticosterone a stress hormone ; the lower dose appeared to be slightly more effective than the higher dose, while the higher dose seemed better at preventing immune system-related abnormalities assessed by serum biomarkers 2.
In another study, kanna was found to be effective in reducing anxiety attributed to cognitive stress. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over design, 16 healthy participants were scanned during performance in a perceptual-load and an emotion-matching task. Supplementation of kanna reduced the reactivity of the amygdala in response to the test, thereby reducing stress compared to placebo 3.
Kanna may help treat depression. Due to the presence of the alkaloid mesembrine in kanna that has been shown to act as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor many commonly prescribed antidepressant medications inhibit the reuptake of serotoninresearcher set out to evaluate its effect on depression.
In a study of rats, sceletium tortuosum supplementation had some antidepressant properties as assessed by a forced swim test but also produced a loss of voluntary muscle control ataxia. Supplementation was also found to be well tolerated 4. In one case, the patient was suffering from severe depression for four months, with reports of poor appetite, weight loss, insomnia, decreased energy and anxiety.
The patient was given a daily dose of 50mg of sceletium and reported an improvement in mood, generalized anxiety and insomnia. In a second case, a patient with major depressive disorder experienced similar improvements.
The patient took 50 mg twice a day in the morning and at lunchtime.Traditional treatments for depression include potent medications that can have serious side effects and can lead to addiction.
But there are also natural remedies and plants that can help you cope with the symptoms of anxiety. Even today, many people still identify depression with simply being sad or feeling unhappy. But depression is a serious mental disorder that affects millions of people.
Furthermore, other factors such as substance abuse or a chronic illness can also lead to depression.
The symptoms of depression go much further than being unhappy or sad. Common symptoms of depression include:.
People suffering from depression often experience anxiety too. Also, there are several types of depression, such as mild depression, post-natal depression or seasonal affective disorder SADwhich occurs when days are darker and usually improves in spring.
Unfortunately, neither antidepressants nor any other therapies can cure depression. The only solution is to alleviate its symptoms. Kanna Sceletium tortuosum is a succulent plant indigenous to South Africa. Traditionally, the Khoikhoi and the San people chewed or smoked kanna for ceremonies, rituals, and as part of their folk medicine. Thanks to the different studies on kanna, we know it is a great ally to fight the symptoms of depression and anxiety.
And why does this happen? Why is kanna a good remedy for depression and anxiety? The answer lies in its alkaloids. These alkaloids inhibit the action of the enzyme monoamine oxidase A MAO-Awhich is responsible for the metabolization of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin or norepinephrine.
Low levels of these neurotransmitters are often linked to depression. And what kanna does is to stop MAO-A from destroying these neurotransmitters.
On the other hand, kanna is also a natural serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI. When kanna blocks the reabsorption process, the serotonin stays in the synapse the circuit that connects neurons or cells for longer.
If the serotonin levels in the synapse are low, there can be alterations in mood which is why low serotonin levels are often pointed out as a cause of depression.Its impact on the evolution of human consciousness is profound. Since it is naturally available, consumers conveniently enjoy its mood boosting and anxiety-reducing effects. One of the family members of the ice plant family, Sceletium is a succulent shrub that people have been consuming for years.
The people in the traditional societies of South Africa, such as the San and Khoi people used to use the tincture form of Sceletium to satisfy their hunger and thirst. They also used it to alleviate pain and enhance mood. During prehistoric times, hunters used this plant to alter their minds.
The oldest account of Sceletium usage goes back to People have been consuming the Kanna plant as a highly safe and beneficial herb since the prehistoric times.
In the modern times, Kanna can not only be chewed but can also be prepared into tea, tinctures, and gel caps, and even smoked or snuffed. According to researchers, there are multiple modes of action when it comes to Kanna plant extracts.
However, their major bioactive chemical compounds are called mesembrine alkaloids. These mesembrine alkaloids in the roots and leaves of Kanna plant have at least nine different types.
All vary in their concentration — the typical range is between 0. Although the psychoactive effects of Kanna are not well defined, some of its alkaloids may have psychoactive properties. Upon fermentation, the mesembrine content of Kanna is converted into Deltamesembrenone.
The mesembrine alkaloids may also have narcotic effects although of mild nature. Researchers believe that Kanna affects the amygdala, the central brain region that is responsible for the processing of emotions. Thus, they help stop the available serotonin from decomposing in the brain. When a neuron receptor releases serotonin, the neurotransmitter is taken back up into the presynaptic neuron, where it metabolizes into other chemicals.
It works on similar pathways as prescription antidepressants. It blocks the re-uptake of serotonin. Since it remains active in the synaptic cleft for longer, this increases its chances to bind to post-synaptic neurons. This, in turn, enhances the activation of serotonin receptors.
Hence, the feeling of relaxation and contentment that comes with the herb!Last Updated on March 19, Many people diagnosed with depression cannot tolerate antidepressants even at low doses. To treat the symptoms of depression, patients often try different medications to no avail; nothing seems to work or they cause intolerable side effects.
Sceletium Tortuosum (Kanna) as Effective and Safe Natural Antidepressant
Here we explain why some people have problems finding optimal treatment for depression, anxiety and other mental health conditions. Serotonin is one of the important chemical messengers of brain cells; it regulates mood, emotion, social behaviour, sleep, memory, learning and other functions.
It is thought that people who suffer from depression have lower levels of serotonin in the brain. SSRIs work by blocking the re-absorption of serotonin, causing the level of serotonin in the brain to increase over time, enhancing communication between neural cells.
In general, depression symptoms are relieved once an appropriate level of serotonin is achieved.
This is why it takes several weeks before patients and their doctors can know whether or not a treatment plan is working.
However, having too much serotonin in the brain also leads to major mental health problems. Some patients with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or personality disorders have elevated levels of neural transmitters in the brain, including serotonin, leading to severe mood swings and anxiety.
Some patients cannot tolerate even the first few doses of SSRIs. When treated with SSRIs, people may be at risk for a serious drug reaction called Serotonin Syndromewhich can be triggered by use of other drugs and supplements that further increase serotonin levels.
Serotonin Syndrome symptoms include:. There can be a range in the severity of symptoms. In the case of mild symptoms, the side effects are usually alleviated once the medication is stopped.
Some patients, however, experience severe symptoms which can be fatal if left untreated. Serotonin syndrome can be triggered by interactions between SSRIs, other types of antidepressants, as well as some supplements. When switching between different types of antidepressants, the current drug must be slowly tapered down over a few weeks, followed by a washout period before new antidepressants can be started to reduce the risk of Serotonin Syndrome. Consult with your doctor and pharmacist about the best way to start new medications safely.
Not all patients experiencing mood swings or depression have abnormally low levels of serotonin in the brain. Even though they have normally functioning liver enzymes that metabolize SSRIs properly, they are still unable to tolerate these medicines, even at low concentrations, and can experience side effects within a few hours of getting the first doses.
People who experience such symptoms frequently carry a mutation in one of the genes that makes proteins involved in the clearance of serotonin from the body, which results in accumulated high levels of serotonin. An excess of serotonin is commonly found in patients with bipolar disorder and other inherited mental health conditions which have anxiety and depression as part of the initial clinical presentation.
The trouble for these people begins when they start taking an SSRI, in combination with other medications that further elevate serotonin levels.
If you are experiencing worsening of anxiety symptoms, rapid heart beat and difficulty breathing when taking one or two doses of your antidepressant, SSRIs might not be right medication for you. The majority of side effects occur when medication concentration in the bloodstream is too high. This can occur even if you are taking a regular drug dose, but your liver cannot eliminate the drug out of your body.
Most of the commonly used antidepressants are metabolized primarily by two liver enzymes. If one of these enzymes is not working, i. If antidepressants work too quickly, i. Based on our experience with psychiatric patients, we note that most of the patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have normal activity of both enzymes. The side effects they are experiencing are unrelated to drug metabolism, but rather to different brain activity.
However, many patients with a serotonin imbalance cannot tolerate SSRIs even though their liver enzymes are functioning normally. In other words, patients may experience SSRI-induced side effects even though their Pillcheck report shows that this medication is appropriate for them.
These patients should consider more comprehensive genome analyses which can provide valuable insights on the underlying causes of mental illness. Knowing how your body processes medications can significantly reduce the time to remission, decrease the risk of adverse side effects, improve drug efficacy and lead to overall better treatment outcomes. Learn more about role of pharmacogenetics in mental health here. Drug-Induced Serotonin Syndrome. Bartlett D et al.